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Is your blood pressure normal? Check it out!

Alumni (Retired)

When you go to the doctors, they always use this equipment on your arm. You will feel a tight compression for about 10 to 20 seconds before the compression goes off. This equipment is known as Sphygmomanometer. It is used to measure your blood pressure.

 

Sphygmomanometer.jpg

 

How to know if your blood pressure is normal?

There are 2 numbers you need to know. The top/first number is known as Systolic. It is the blood pressure when the heart contracts. The bottom/second number is known as Diastolic. It is the blood pressure when the heart relaxes.

 

Systolic

Diastolic

Status

<90

<60

Low Blood Pressure

<120

<80

Ideal Blood Pressure

<140

<90

Slightly High Blood Pressure

<170

<100

High Blood Pressure

 

 

Low Blood Pressure (also known as hypotension)

If you have low blood pressure, it means that there are inadequate flow of blood to your organs. You may experience some signs such as:

  • Dizziness
  • Light-headedness
  • Fainting
  • Dehydration/ Thirst
  • Nausea
  • Rapid, Shallow Breathing
  • Fatigue

 

As long as you does not have these noticeable signs, low blood pressure is not a problem for you.

 

Causes of Hypotension

Postural Hypotension

Have you ever experienced blurred vision or dizziness when you stand up from a sitting or lying position for a long period? If you experienced it often, you might be having a Postural Hypotension. It is the most common causes of hypotension.

 

When you stand up, gravity causes your blood to pool in your legs. Due to hypotension, your body fails to increase your heart rate to pump in sufficient blood to your brain. Thus, leading to symptoms of blurred vision, dizziness or even fainting.

 

Other causes includes: Pregnancy (1st and 2nd trimester), Decrease in blood volume, Allergic reaction, Shock, Heart Problems.

 

Hypotension Diet

  • Add ample amounts of salt in your meal
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Limit Alcohol Intake
  • Avoid Caffeine at night

 

Wearing compression stockings can also help to reduce the amount of blood flow to the leg, which thus, increase the amount of blood flow towards the heart.

Take cold baths to increase your blood pressure as it improves your blood circulation.

Pay attention to your body! If you feel dizzy or about to faint, sit or kneel down immediately before the blood pressure falls completely.

 

High Blood Pressure (also known as hypertension)

Having hypertension means that your blood is pumped around the body at a higher pressure. When the blood flow is too strong that it stretches beyond the wall of your arteries’ limit. You may experience some signs such as:

 

Causes of Hypertension

Some possible causes are:

  • Smoking
  • Too much alcohol consumption
  • Overweight
  • Too much salt in diet
  • Stress

 

Hypertension Diet

  • Use low sodium salt.
  • Increase Potassium intake as it helps to widen the wall of your arteries. Thus reducing the pressure of the blood flow throughout the body. It regulate the blood pressure more often.
  • Increase Vitamin B6 intake can help to lower your blood pressure as well.

 

Potassium-rich food:

Sweet potatoes, Potatoes, Banana*, Spinach, Mushrooms, Pea, Tomatoes, Oranges, Grapefruit, Apricots, Raisins, Dates, Fat-Free milk, Fat-Free yogurt, Tuna,

 

B6-rich food:

Banana*, Pistachio, Spinach, Avocado, Lean Pork, Prunes

 

*Banana reduces stress hormones in blood too!


Start exercising! Lose some pounds, if you’re overweight.

 

*Please do take note that this article is for educational and informational purposes only and may not be construed as medical advice.

 

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I'm a StarHub Intern. Some of my posts are unofficial and may contain personal opinions which may not represent the positions and opinions of StarHub.
2 Comments
Grand Guru

Hi

 

Whenever you see the doctor, such as Polyclinics, the Blood Pressure test is the must.

When having your blood pressure test, ensure you are at rest*.

Meaning that not to take the test immediately after a lot of movement, such a walking.

 

If you have the equipment to test, do regularly test on yourself.

 

Blood Pressure reading.   Systolic / Diastolic

If your reading is greater than 140 / 90 ; then you need to go for Doctor checkup.

This is the advice from the Doctor.

 

If you have been warded before, you will notice that the nurse always take the reading around 5AM.

 

 

Regards

Eric.

 

 

Esteemed Consultant

Maybe you may want to recommend a blood pressure model for the reader to purchase or some review on this items to compliment your aritcle...hehe..Smiley Happy